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A Roadmap towards fusion electricity

In 2012 EUROfusion’s preceeding organisation, EFDA, has published a roadmap which outlines how to supply fusion electricity to the grid by 2050. The roadmap identifies eight specific missions to be tackled to reach the final goal of fusion energy production. For each mission, the current status of research is reviewed, open issues are identified, and a development programme is proposed. and estimates the required resources.

The roadmap covers three periods: The European Research Framework Programme Horizon 2020, the years 2021-2030 and the time between 2031 and 2050.

The first period is focused on the realization of ITER, the key facility of the roadmap and expected to achieve most of the important milestones on the path to fusion power. The second period is focussed on maximising ITER exploitation and on preparing the construction of a demonstration power plant DEMO, which will for the first time supply fusion electricity to the grid. Building and operating DEMO is the subject of the last roadmap phase.

Cover Roadmap
Copertina Roadmap

Further information: The 8 missions in the Roadmap

On October 9th 2014, 29 research organisations and universities from 26 European countries plus Switzerland signed the EUROfusion consortium agreement. EUROfusion, the ‘European Consortium for the Development of Fusion Energy’, manages and funds European fusion research activities on behalf of Euratom

The 30 members, representing 26 European Union member states plus Switzerland, members of the EUROfusion consortium.
Thirty members, representing 26 European Union member states plus Switzerland and Ukraine, signing the agreement of the EUROfusion consortium. Image from www.EUROfusion.org
EUROfusion Consortium delegates and members
EUROfusion Consortium delegates and members

The leadership of EUROfusion is presently granted to Prof. Tony Donné as Programme Manager

During the recent 30th Symposium on Fusion Technology (SOFT 2018) Tony Donné, EUROfusion's Programme Manager, launched the European Fusion Roadmap 2.0, charting the course of Europe towards electricity from fusion. This revised version of the document takes into account the significant advances that the European fusion community made in recent years.

The EUROfusion roadmap forms the basis for the programmes of EUROfusion and Fusion for Energy providing a clear and structured way forward to a world with working fusion power plants.

The Roadmap document can be found also here for download:

long version

short version

The JET tokamak

The european tokamak JET (Joint European Tokamak) operating in Culham (UK) is the largest and most powerful tokamak in the world and currently the only machine capable of operating with the deuterium-tritium fuel mix of future commercial reactors.

CCFE Research Center - Culham (UK)

JET was inaugurated in 1985 and is now regularly exploited by more than 40 international research laboratories and about 350 scientists from Europe, plus more from around the globe, participate in JET experiments each year, co-ordinated by a programme management unit.

JET has made major advances in the science and engineering of fusion, increasing confidence in the suitability of the tokamak for future power production.

Milestones at JET have included 

  • the world's first controlled release of deuterium-tritium fusion power (1991) and the world record for fusion power (16 megawatts in 1997).
  • the introduction of a divertor (1993)
  • development and implementation (1998) of remote handling systems for the maintenance and replacement of components in nuclear environments
  • ITER-like wall installation (2011)

The JET facilities are collectively used by all European fusion laboratories under the EUROfusion consortium. The Culham Centre for Fusion Energy is responsible for the operation of the JET facilities, via a contract between the European Commission and the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority.

For more information please see the JET website

JET Tokamak
JET Tokakak. Courtesy of EUROfusion.

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